The silicon wafer reclaim market is segmented on basis of product as 150 mm, 200 mm, 300mm, and others, which include 450 mm silicon wafer. The 300 mm was the largest product segment, accounting over 70% of global silicon wafers reclaim market revenue in 2015. Increasing demand for silicon wafer for manufacturing solar panels, solar cells, and integrated circuits is expected to drive demand for silicon wafer reclaim over the next eight years.
The main body responsible for management of the oil and gas sector is the National Oil Corporation (NOC). The NOC oversees all petroleum operations in the country in the upstream, midstream and downstream segments. The company also participates in upstream licences on behalf of the government. A wave of nationalisations in the 1970s has given the company a heavily dominant position in the industry.
The oil and gas sector plays an important role in Indonesia’s economy, generating 5.1% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and earning nearly a tenth of export revenues in 2017. The sector was responsible for 5% of the overall central government budget revenue in 2017, while state subsidies accounted for 4.9% of total central government expenditures. Indonesia is the secondbiggest oil producer in the Asia Pacific region and the third-largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporting country in the world.
Late 2017, we removed the Limbe refinery capacity expansion previously included in our forecast. There are no recent updates on refining expansion works and it remains unclear whether any expansion works have started at all. Nothing indicates an expansion will go through. In addition, given the difficult financial position of SONARA, we believe an expansion is unlikely to go through for the time being.
As present, Cambodia has no petroleum law. While new legislation is currently being drafted, the sector is currently governed by the 1991 Petroleum Regulations. In addition to the regulations, the draft model PSC is also used and was adopted by the General Department of Petroleum to provide comprehensive guidelines for the petroleum sector. The government has suggested it is working on a new comprehensive 'Petroleum Law', increasing uncertainty for investors, which has in turn stalled exploration and development efforts. The draft petroleum law, which was due for release by the end of 2015, has been postponed until several technical issues are clarified. The law will regulate the extraction of oil from onshore and offshore fields. In particular, the government has explained that it needs more time to study how revenue from the industry can be managed, alongside the proposed establishment of a national petroleum company.
The mining chemicals market has been segmented based on product, application, and region. Based on product, the market has been segmented into frothers, flocculants, collectors, solvent extractants, grinding aids, and others. Other products include depressants, activators, and modifiers. Based on application, the market has been segmented into mineral processing, explosives & drilling, water & wastewater treatment, and others. Other applications include exploration, and emulsion explosives.
Widespread illegal mining activity and rising regulatory risks stemming from improving commodity prices will pose challenges to miners in SSA over the coming months and hinder investment into the region. Meanwhile, South Africa's mining sector will continue to face headwinds over the coming months, despite the introduction a new and improved draft mining charter.
In 2017, Chile was the world’s leading copper mine producer with a 27.2% share in global output, the second-biggest molybdenum mine producer with 20.4%, and the sixth-largest producer of silver, with 5.3%. The country also ranked first in the production of iodine with a 64.5% global share, second in lithium compounds with 32.8%, and eighth in potassium compounds with 2.8%. Mining is the thirdlargest economic sector in Chile, accounting for 10.1% of the country’s GDP, 2.6% of formal employment and 55.4% of national exports. Since late 2016, an upward trend in the prices of iron, molybdenum, coal, copper and lithium, has propelled a recovery of domestic mining production and exports, and led to the resumption of several investment projects. Mining exports rose by a robust 24.7% y/y in 2017, while the sector’s trade surplus widened to USD 36.9bn.
Kazakhstan will see steady iron ore production growth as key low-cost mines ramp up output over the coming years. Strengthening trade links between the Kazakh and Chinese governments are likely to provide local miners with further capital to fund expansion, which will support moderate growth in production to 2027.
We have estimated the carbon black market by segmenting it on two levels that include application and region. On the basis of application, we have segmented the market into tires, high performance coatings, and plastics among others such as rubber, toners, printing inks, & electrostatic discharge compounds. On the basis of region, the report is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa. North America consists of the U.S., Canada and Mexico. Europe includes Germany, the UK, France, Italy, Spain, rest of Western Europe and Central & Eastern Europe (along with CIS). Asia Pacific includes China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia, Korea and Oceania (Australia & New Zealand). Latin America consists of all Central & South American countries (excluding Mexico).