Zeolite is defined as a crystalline and porous aluminosilicate mineral that is used as a catalyst and/or adsorbent in various industrial purposes. They are micro-porous crystalline solids with definite structures of interlocking tetrahedral of SiO4 and AlO4. Based on production methods,zeolites can be categorized into two types, natural zeolite and synthetic zeolite.
关键词：矿业市场环境;铁矿;变权评价;海外投资;Mining market environment;Iron mine,Variable-weight assessment;Overseas investment
The Global Aluminum market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.89 percent during the period 2013-2018. China led the Global Aluminum market, both in terms of production and consumption, followed by the EMEA region and the Americas. The growth of the Chinese economy and the increased use of aluminum in the Automotive, Construction, and Packaging industries are expected to increase the growth of the global market during the forecast period. The other leading consumers of aluminum include Russia, Canada, the US, Australia, and the UAE. The economic growth of the emerging markets is expected to drive the demand for aluminum, and will be the major driver of the global market during the forecast period.
The Global CBM market is expected to witness moderate growth during the period 2013-2018. This is mainly due to the slow shift to alternative forms of natural gas. The market was dominated by the Americas in 2013, followed by the APAC and the EMEA regions. The overall market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.5 percent during the forecast period.
EOR is a technique to increase the production of oil fields other than those that are conventionally used for the oil extraction process. EOR is the third phase that is used for oil recovery after the failure of primary and secondary oil recovery methods. Primary oil recovery is the first stage in the production of hydrocarbons by using natural energy available in the reservoirs such as gas drive, water drive, and gravity drainage. When the natural energy from the reservoirs is depleted, then oil is recovered by secondary recovery methods using an external source such as injection of either natural gas or water. The primary and secondary methods can recover up to 30-40 percent of the hydrocarbons available in the reservoirs.
Mining Finance is one of the major segments of the Financial industry. The Mining sector has largely been financed by way of equity financing. However, there are other modes of financing that are gaining popularity such as debt financing and alternative financing. Each of the sources has a certain level of risk and flexibility attached to it.
Mining chemicals are specialty chemicals that are used for the mining of explosive and drilling chemicals, mineral processing, water & waste treatment, and other applications. Some of the major mining chemicals that are widely used are ammonium nitrate, petroleum distillate, sulfosuccinate surfactant, alkyl xanthate salt, and alkyl aryl oxime. Mining chemicals are used in different types of mining process, such as coal mining, as well as metal and mineral ore mining. Explosives and drilling is the largest application area for mining chemicals. Moreover, coal mining is the major end-user industry for explosive and drilling chemicals. Mineral processing is the second largest application area for the mining of chemical products. Iron ore, copper ore, and other mineral ores are the major end-users for these chemicals. Finally, mining chemicals are also widely used for water and waste treatment purposes.
Chile is one of the leading mining countries in Lation America. Also, globally it is the leading producer of copper. In 2011, the country was the world's leading producer of copper and accounted for about 32.% of the world copper production from mine and also was the leading producer for rhenium which accounted for 51.0% of the world's rhenium mine production. The country was also a major producer of gold, molybdenum, rhenium, zinc and silver.