Oil and gas exploration and production are complex processes. Pertaining to low interest due to the decline in oil prices, during 2014-2016, the oil and gas companies had not invested much into it. However, with the stability in oil prices and ample amount of proven reserves, the companies have started to invest in the market. Indonesia had the highest reserve, followed by Vietnam, as of December 2018. With rise in activities in the upstream sector, the EPC market is likely to grow in the region. The downstream EPC market occupies a major share, owing to the huge cost incurred in the installation of refineries unit. It is followed by the EPC contract of pipelines used in the transportation of crude after exploration, and for the transportation of gaseous products from the refineries. The overall refining capacity in the South Asian countries showed an increase of ~7.37%, during 2011-2018.
9月煤炭市场回顾：国内动力煤和无烟煤价稳中有升，国际动力煤价普遍回升港口价格：根据煤炭资源网数据，9 月30 日秦皇岛5500 大卡最新平仓价为582 元/吨，较8 月底上涨1.0%，较去年同期下降8.9%。9 月30 日京唐港主焦煤（山西产）价格1650 元/吨，较8 月末下降2.9%。